Women and Diabetes
Women of our country are more aware of their responsibilities rather than the ailments that are actually tormenting them. Most of them are aware only of the pregnancy, childcare, blood pressure and a very few about diabetes. Yet there is a considerable population amongst women, that are being affected by this chronic disease. Be the reason be genetics or body metabolism, most of them are dying even before they are diagnosed and treated for this ailment. Compared to the countries abroad, our country has done a little in educating women.
The diabetic population in India has been quite drastically up shooting over the years. The rate of prevalence has been 8.8% in adults. Half the women population are spending lives with diabetes without being diagnosed. Indian women well known as good caretakers don’t pay much attention to their meals and exercises. In between the urban and rural women the prevalence in urban population the of age group 30-39 years with 4.8 percent rate and its least in rural women under 30 years with a 2 percent prevalence rate. The rate of diabetes spread is the same for the women in both urban and rural areas from above 60 years, and can’t be clearly distinguished. Prediabetes is seen in 43 percent of women and 60 percent of Indian women are aware of the causes and occurrence of gestational diabetes during pregnancy. 70 percent skip on their food and exercise routines.
Symptoms of diabetes:
Excess and frequent urination from the body in diabetes leads to the unquenchable thirst. The body with high blood glucose levels monitors the kidneys for rapid filtration. While the kidneys couldn’t handle the flow, they don’t efficiently work the filtrate. They drag the fluids of the body along with minerals to excrete. This leaves the body dehydrated and exhausted, leading to excess thirst. `
Cravings and hunger:
We see the people with diabetes are always hungry, though they are obese and overweight, they still have cravings for appetizing foods, which may dismay us. But the fact behind this sign is the glucose that is unabsorbed into the cells, no matter the intake and how much levels of it are present. This energy deprived cells and body feels exhausted and relays on food intake. So, excessive hunger is directed to diet plans with hourly control and portion to feed it
Urination appears to be an authentic symptom of diabetics. An adult diabetic urinates approximately 8-10 times a day. They have suggested diuretics as the solution and uncontrollable blood pressure. The kidneys in an urge to eliminate the excess glucose excrete a lot of urine. This leads to excessive urination.
Unusual loss or gain of weight:
When the cells are not capable of gaining the energy from the glucose levels available in the body, they splurge the fat deposits. The facts of the body get depleted and burned for energy production. The weight gain happens when people with insulin dosages and by overeating potentially, weight loss cases are more in diabetes than the weight gain.
Fatigue is the condition in which the body experiences extreme helplessness, tiredness, and exhaustion. This may be a symptom of many diseases, but it is one that demonstrates diabetes. In people with no insulin in their body or people with bodies that offer resistance to insulin, this is seen. Monitoring your blood glucose levels helps in maintaining these lowering and high blood sugars. Stress and diet management helps to get rid of the fatigue.
When you are experiencing blurred vision, color blindness, swelling of certain eye tissues, floaters in the sight or blindness, etc., in your diabetic life, you need to check on your eyes. Most of the diabetics have double risks for eye diseases than you. Diabetic retinopathy seen in below 40 years can be treated if diagnosed early. Whereas glaucoma, cataracts are common among the people above 60 years. Having high blood glucose levels for a longer time stunts the functioning of the nerves, leading to its swelling and damage. These nerves show a fluid discharge. The retina of the eye is destroyed by the damaged blood vessels, causing in retinopathy which worsens to become proliferative retinopathy. Macular edema, glaucoma, cataracts, are the other issues of the eyes, that is shown by the increased blood glucose levels.
Delayed wound healing:
Cuts, wounds, and injuries in the diabetics are seemingly more traumatizing. The slow wound healing process in them, makes their life miserable drawing a wide range of complications. The neuropathy, poor blood circulation, and high blood sugar levels make things complicated for all the other functions in the body. The immune system is utterly damaged and becomes to produce the white blood cells, cytokines, antibodies, etc that fight the bacteria. The diabetic neuropathy damages the nervous system, on the other hand, making the function and co-ordinations in unmanageable. The narrowing blood vessels show poor blood circulation that doesn’t reach the injuries.
Nausea and vomitings and fruit smelling mouth are seen in the diabetics. The high glucose levels and lower glucose levels cause nausea. This can be reverted back by strict diabetes control, diet, and medication. Ketoacidosis and diabetic stomach give this unpleasant nausea from the stomach. The ketone deposits are broken to produce the energy in diabetics causing the ketoacidosis.
The skin shows off a range of increasing blood sugar levels in the body, alarmingly with a lot of manifestations. The patches of redness that is painful and itchy, sclerosis in which the skin hardens, darkening of the neck areas, blisters that don’t yield, on the feet legs and arms, dry and scaly skin, wounds and acts that don’t heal, etc. To state there are many. Seeing the dermatologists at the earliest possible can have a little control offer the issue. Most of the women over 40 years in our country can be featured with these chronic skin diseases and not treated.
These are the serious issues of diabetes that make the women dream for pregnancy a complication. The UTI’s are bacterial infections. This happens because of the increased sugars in the urine flow. Bladder, uterus, vagina and even the fallopian tubes and kidneys get affected. Vomiting, diarrhea, pain in the groin and sides and fevers show up.
Thrush or candidiasis is caused by the yeast albicans. When the sugar levels are too high in the body, the vagina, skin, and mouth shows this thrush, smoking and damaged immunity allows the vaginas thrush. Sore pain, itching, redness, painful coitus are the signs of it.
The insulin dosage or intake that is high in diabetes triggers the more androgens production, enhancing the PCOS. This brings infertility, irregular periods, unusual bleeding and inabilities to become pregnant. The cyst that forms in the ovaries, releases the eggs irregularly causing menstruation irregular.
Female sexual dysfunction:
Statistics show that one-third of women face sexual dysfunction in their diabetic life. The sexual dysfunction in females shows vaginal dryness, painful sex, inability to orgasm. Besides the high blood sugar levels, the overweight and obesity, and imbalanced diet habits of our women lead to sexual dysfunction.
Diabetes makes pregnancy complications in women. Becoming pregnant is made hard in most of the women above 24 years of age. This leads to preterm births and over weighing babies. Breathing and growth difficulties in the fetus can be seen in higher blood glucose levels for a longer time in gestation. You need to change your diabetic game plan after you conceive to get this in control. Regular checkups and diet and monitoring help.
This happens only during pregnancy. It doesn’t show up a great sign to be diagnosed easily. Regular checkups and monitoring of your blood sugar levels, the placenta and the hormones it produces react with the insulin. That shows effects on fetal growth and development. Women with age above 25, the genetic history of diabetes are more likely to set effect. However, the child may show up diabetes mellitus one in the future.
It is a warning bell for the arrival of diabetes. Most symptoms include lethargy, fatigue, overweight, from becoming diabetes if diagnosed and treated early.
Risks of diabetes:
The sign and symptoms of diabetes when neglected or not paid attention ensures greater risks. The vital and major internal organs get affected. Heart diseases, chronic renal diseases, vision complications, is, diabetic foot, skin diseases can be noticed. Whatever the risk be, the risks get manifold higher when it comes to the women. The habits, lifestyles, and activities can revert all the situations.
Diagnosis and treatments:
Diagnosis of diabetes involves a series of tests glycated hemoglobin test. Above 6.5 percent is considered as diabetic. Normal levels range between 5-8.7 and below the diabetic level, it is considered as pre-diabetic random blood sugar test, without fasting. Fasting blood sugar test is shown above 125 mg/dl, you need to get further tests of diabetes. Oral glucose tolerance test is excepted for pregnant.
The treatments involve diabetic diet plans, insulin dosages blood sugar monitoring, physical activity, great weight loss.
Lifestyle changes and remedies:
- Have control over your diabetes.
- Do not stress or get Into unnecessary depressions.
- Schedule your regular doctor visits and have your tests done.
- Know about your home monitoring of blood sugar levels
- Have your dental checkups prioritized
- Be faithful to your feet, and hands care regime
- Quit all kinds of smoking and alcohol addiction
- Check on your weights
- Be careful of the things that cut and wound you
- Have an open talk about your symptoms to the doctor.
- Be aware of the potions and food you take.
- Do exercises that are less impactful
- Use cotton inner wear
- Maintain hygienic habits
- Take care of the foods you take and at the time you have.
- Use the right footwear, a doctor prescribed one would be better.
- Include some fats in your diet.
- Don’t overuse artificial sweeteners.